The paper discusses the possibilities of designing digital content through the principles of Universal Design (UD) and Universal Design for Learning (UDL) for the promotion of inclusive heritage education activities. The principles of UD and UDL can address a new approach to accessibility through the use of ICTs, not as mere tools but as catalysts of inclusion. In order to proceed with such a reflection, it was deemed necessary to carry out an analysis of currently available digital resources for mobile devices concerning cultural heritage and museums. A study was carried out in which 35 mobile apps with museum content were analysed using a grid of indicators built on the principles of UD and UDL in order to understand their level of usability, interactivity and accessibility for inclusive educational purposes.
Michele Baldassarre is Associate Professor of Experimental Pedagogy at the University of Bari, where he is Coordinator of the Single-Cycle Degree Course in Primary Education Sciences and Director of the Laboratory of Experimental Pedagogy and Multimedia. He is a founding partner and member of the Italian Society for Research on Media Education.
His publications include: Learning to Teach. The reflective practice in the teaching profession (2009), New media education and digital skills (2011), Teaching how to think, write, communicate in times of the web (2012), ICT in Higher Education and Lifelong Learning (2014), The documentation/socialisation of knowledge in education between opportunities and limits (2014), From big data to open data in knowledge construction processes (2015), Think big. Learning contexts, algorithms and data science (2016).
Valeria Tamborra, PhD, is a research fellow M-PED/04 at the University of Foggia. She collaborates as a researcher with the Laboratory of Experimental Pedagogy and Multimedia at the University of Bari.
Her publications include: Emergency Distance Learning at the University. Il futuro della didattica universitaria tra policy accademica e openess della formazione (2021); Educating with media, educating to media. A reflection on teaching and learning practices (2020); University Teaching and Learning Analytics. From data analysis to modelling distance learning processes (2019); University Evaluation. An exploratory survey (2019); How can we make it happen? From description to foresight in online learning environments (2019).